An extensive understanding of people requires an intensive data of their properties. Although identity community might be knew one another out-of a narrower and larger sense. Into the a narrower sense community relates to a small grouping of anyone however in a greater sense it is the whole human area. But not, neighborhood has the following attributes:
A community must have society. In place of a group of some one no society might be designed. Obviously society pertains to not a team of individuals but so you’re able to a system away from social dating. However for the brand new place out-of personal matchmaking a small grouping of people is necessary.
So it populace was a self perpetuating person who reproduces alone because of a world mating matchmaking. And this it’s the basic element people.
Likeness is the most important feature out of community. Greatest sociologist Maclver opines you to neighborhood function likeness. Rather than a feeling of likeness, there is no shared detection of’ belonging together’ hence no people. So it feeling of likeness is utilized in very early society towards the kinship and in modern communities new conditions out-of social likeness enjoys widened out into principles regarding nationality.
Neighborhood contains instance bodied and you can likeminded people. Friendship closeness and relationship of any kind would be impossible instead of likeness. It can also help regarding knowledge of you to definitely by almost every other. That’s why F.H. Giddings opines you to neighborhood sleeps on ‘Consciousness away from Kind’.
(2) Variations :
In addition to likeness, distinctions was another essential feature away from neighborhood. Due to the fact community pertains to distinctions and it relies on it as far while the on the likeness. For this reason Maclver opines one “primary likeness and second differences produce the most useful of the many establishments-the latest office out-of work”. Since differences are complementary so you can personal dating. If individuals will become similar in every regard people cannot getting designed and there is nothing reciprocity and matchmaking turned into minimal. Nearest and dearest since first neighborhood considering biological differences and you may differences inside the aptitude, notice and you will strength. Even if differences is needed for community but variations in itself do perhaps not do people. And this variations try sub-ordinate so you’re able to likeness.
(3) Inter-dependency :
Interdependence is yet another very important feature of neighborhood. This particular fact from interdependence is seen in every element of present date society. Greatest Greek Philosopher, Aristotle pointed out that ‘Child was a social animal’. Because the a personal animal they are dependent on anybody else. This new emergency and you may wellbeing of each and every representative is very much depended about this interdependence. No individual try self sufficient.
He’s got to help you believe anybody else to have dinner, defense and you may safety and also for the satisfaction of numerous out-of their demands and you can basics. For the continuing growth of area this degree of interdependence expands manifold. Family relations being the basic people lies in this new physiological interdependence of your own genders. Not just people are interdependent but furthermore the teams, communities and you will communities.
(4) Co-operation and you will Conflict:
Each other co-operation and you will conflict are two another significant features out of neighborhood. Since the greatest sociologist Maclver after pointed out that “Society are Coprocedure entered by the dispute”. Co-procedure is largely very important to the synthesis of area. Rather than co-process there’s no people. Someone cannot manage a happy existence instead co-process. Household members as the earliest area rests with the co-procedure. Co-procedure prevents mutual destructiveness and results in cost savings when you look at the cost.
Instance co-procedure dispute is additionally essential for neighborhood. Dispute act as an excellent cementing foundation having strengthening public connections. From inside the a healthy and well-developed area both co-process and you will argument co-occur. Since by using these two universal procedure society is formed. Dispute makes co-procedure important. Argument could be lead and secondary. not they are both important for society.
(5) Society was a system otherwise websites from social dating:
Social relationship would be the foundation of people. That is why greatest sociologist Maclver noticed that neighborhood is actually a system out-of personal relationships. Which it is collarspace platinum satÄ±n al hard to help you categorize public relationships. However, this social relationship lies in common feeling or detection to which Cooley name we-impact, Giddings telephone call consciousness out of type and you will Thomas given that common inclination. In the place of these types of public relationships zero community might possibly be molded.
Given that public relationships try abstract in nature very and the neighborhood try conceptual in nature. Different varieties of social processes such as for example co-procedure, conflict constantly happens in people. Together with dating mainly based as much as these perform people. And this a system out of societal relationship and that authored certainly some body comprises people.
(6) Long lasting Characteristics:
Permanency is an additional crucial characteristic out-of people. This isn’t a short-term organization of men and women. People will continue to exist even after the brand new loss of individual members. Community is a beneficial co-herent organisation.
(7) Neighborhood is Abstract:
Area was a conceptual design. Once the Maclver opines society was a web out of social relationship. We simply cannot discover this dating but we are able to become they. And this it is an abstract design. Wright has actually rightly noticed that “people basically mode a state or status, a romance that’s, therefore, always an enthusiastic abstraction”. As well as neighborhood include society, life, folkways, mores and you can society which happen to be as well as abstract. And therefore community is conceptual in general.
(8) Community are Vibrant :
The characteristics out of society try active and you may adjustable. No neighborhood try static. All area transform and you will transform consistently. Old society, life style, folkways, mores, beliefs and institutions had changed and you may the fresh heritage and you will thinking requires place. Neighborhood change from the antique character to progressive characteristics. And this it’s one of the most crucial trait off community.
(10) Total Community:
People is another crucial feature off community. Every society has actually it’s very own culture hence differentiates it of others. People ‘s the lifestyle of your members of an excellent area and you will includes the philosophy, viewpoints, artwork, morals etcetera. Which people is actually full as it fulfills the needs out of personal lives that’s culturally care about-enough. In addition to each and every area transmits its social development into thriving generations.
(11) Anything more simple collection of some body:
Definitely people includes some body. However, simple distinctive line of people is not community. It’s things more can one thing outside of the individual. Durkheim is great when he pointed out that community is more than the sum of the their bits we.age. individuals.
(12) Holiday accommodation and you may Intake:
That it one or two associative social process is additionally necessary for this new simple operating and you will continuity out of neighborhood. And this it is very several other characteristic off community.